Below are the questions and answers to today’s #KnowAfricaQuiz.
- What is the name of the water falls that is a part of the Zambezi river, and lies between the borders of Zambia and Angola? Answer — The Chavuma Falls. Chavuma Falls is a small waterfall on the Zambezi River in northwestern Zambia close to the border with Angola and the town of Chavuma
- What is the name of the leader that freed Egypt from the control of the Ottoman Empire? Answer — Dusé Mohamed Ali (Bey Effendi) (21 November 1866 – 25 June 1945) (دوسي محمد علي). He was an Egyptian-British actor and political activist, a playwright, historian, journalist, editor, and publisher who became known for his African nationalism. He also mentored the great Marcus Garvey.
- In which African tribe is the Sharo festival -Where young man is whipped in the market place as a show of his coming of age? Answer — The Fulani Tribe. For the boys of the Fulani tribe of Benin to be considered men, they have to complete a ritual called Sharo, which requires them to participate in a whip match meant to test their strength, self-control and bravery. The boys choose a long sharpened cane and are pitted against each other in a ring.
- Only two Africa Icons are referred as “Black President”, one is an activist politician while the other a musician. Who are they? Answer — Nelson Mandela and Fela Anikulapo Kuti.. Nelson Mandela was a was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country’s first black head of state, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. And In 1979 Fela formed a political party, the Movement of the People, and ran unsuccessfully for the presidency of Nigeria.
- Which country is home to the “Dolphin Tribe”, a fishing community that uses dolphins to help them haul in the day’s catch? Answer — Mauritania. Watch this video – Dolphins Assisted Fishing
- A significant number of people in Togo practice which of the religions? Answer — Voodo0. The people of Togo have remained faithful to the country’s pagan history. This is the reason why 51% of the country’s population has indigenous belief or ancestor worship called voodoo, while the Christian and Muslim populations consist of 20% and 19%, respectively.
- This tribe, generally found in West Africa, create wooden statues based on twin figures called ‘Ibeji’. Who are they? Answer — Yoruba. Ibeji (known as Ibejí, Ibeyí, or Jimaguas in Latin America) is an Orisha. In Yoruba culture twins are believed to be magical, and are protected by a deity named shango. If a twin should die, it represents bad fortune for the parents and the society to which they belong. The parents therefore commission a babalawo to carve an ibeji to represent the deceased twins, and the parents take care of the figure as if it were a real person. Other than the sex, the appearance of the ibeji is determined by the sculptor. Yoruba Ibeji sculpture
- What is the name of this beautiful food and which country is it exclusive to? Answer — Ful Medames, Somali and Egypt. Ful medames (Arabic: فول مدمس, fūl midammis), or simply fūl, is a Somali dish of cooked fava beans served with vegetable oil, cumin, and optionally with chopped parsley etc. It is also a staple food in Egypt, especially in the northern cites of Cairo and Gizah.
- This ethnic group lives on the Bié Plateau of central Angola and are the largest ethnic group in the country. Who are they? Answer — The Ovimbundu. also known as the Southern Mbundu, are a Bantu ethnic group who lives on the Bié Plateau of central Angola and in the coastal strip west of these highlands. As the largest ethnic group in Angola, they make up almost 40 percent of the country’s population.
- These notable water falls; Victoria Falls, Chavuma Falls and Ngonye Falls are part of which African river? Answer — The great Zambezi river. And its most noted feature is Victoria Falls. While other notable falls include the Chavuma Falls at the border between Zambia and Angola, and Ngonye Falls, near Sioma in Western Zambia.
- Somewhere in West Africa, This 11.8Km long bridge is noted as Africa’s longest bridge. What’s the name and its location? Answer — Third Mainland Bridge, Lagos Nigeria. The Third Mainland Bridge is the longest of three bridges connecting Lagos Island to the mainland, the other two being the Eko and Carter bridges. It was the longest bridge in Africa before the 6th October Bridge located in Cairo was completed.
- The Nile River is said to be unique because it flows upward instead of downwards. True or False? Answer — True. One of the unique features about the Nile River is the fact that it flows north, which is opposite the direction most rivers go. This means the Nile River originates in South Africa and then flows towards the Mediterranean Sea. Nile River
- What is the name of this bird that is found in sub-Saharan Africa and also the national bird of three African countries? Answer — The African Fish Eagle. Also know as the African sea eagle – is a large species of eagle that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water occur that have an abundant food supply. It is the national bird of Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Sudan. As a result of its large range, it is known in many languages. Examples of names include: Visarend in Afrikaans; Nkwazi in Chewa; Aigle Pêcheur in French; Hungwe in Shona, and Inkwazi in isiZulu.
- What are the 2 official languages spoken in Tanzania? Answer — Swahili and English. Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. Among the languages spoken in Tanzania are all four of Africa’s language families: Bantu, Cushitic, Nilotic, and Khoisan. Swahili and English are Tanzania’s official languages.
- Picture below is a leader often referred to as the “Best president Nigeria never had”. What is his name? Answer — Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Awolowo. Best remembered for his remarkable integrity, ardent nationalism, principled and virile opposition, and dogged federalistic convictions. His party was the first to move the motion for Nigeria’s independence in the federal parliament and he obtained internal self-government for the Western Region in 1957. He is credited with coining the name “Naira” for the Nigerian standard monetary unit and helped to finance the Civil War and preserve the federation without borrowing. He built the Liberty Stadium in Ibadan, the first of its kind in Africa; established the WNTV, the first television station in Africa; erected the first skyscraper in tropical Africa: the Cocoa House (still the tallest in Ibadan) and ran a widely respected civil service in the Western Region. Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Awolowo
- TRUE or FALSE: Hieroglyphics formed the basis for Egypt’s first writing system. Answer — True. Egyptian hieroglyphs (/ˈhaɪərəˌɡlɪf, –roʊ–/ hy-ro-glif; Egyptian: mdw·w-nṯr, “god’s words”) were a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that combined logographic and alphabeticelements. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Hieroglyphs are related to two other Egyptian scripts, hieratic and demotic. Early hieroglyphs date back as far as 3,300 BCE, and continued to be used up until about 400 CE, when non-Christian temples were closed and their monumental use was no longer necessary.
- Can you name the country of these African musicians; San Fan Thomas, Nel Oliver, Miriam Makeba, Reggie Rockstone. Answer — Cameroon, Republic of Benin, South Africa, Ghana. Sam Fan Thomas (born 1952, Bafoussam) is a Cameroonian musician associated with Makossa. He began in the late 1960s and had his first hit with Rikiatou. His African Typic Collection was an international hit in 1984 and is perhaps his best known album.
Nel Oliver is a Beninese who debuted in France in 1976, he was best known for his popular wedding song/video “Baby girl“. He took elements from all over Africa and the United States to create “Afro-akpala-funk“. He was the first black African to open a recording studio called Spade Music in Paris as early as the 1980’s.
Zenzile Miriam Makeba (4 March 1932 – 9 November 2008), nicknamed Mama Africa, was a South African singer and civil rights activist. In the 1960s, she was the first artist from Africa to popularize African music around the world. She is best known for the song “Pata Pata“, first recorded in 1957 and released in the U.S. in 1967.
Reggie Rockstone (Reginald Yaw Asante Ossei, “the Godfather of Hiplife“) is a rapper of Ghanaian descent. He was born in the United Kingdom but lived his early years in Ghana in Kumasi and Accra. He has been living in Ghana continuously since he pioneered the Hip-Life movement in 1994.
- Can you mention the name of this African leader pictured below and the country he led? Answer — Samora Machel, Mozambique. Samora Moisés Machel (September 29, 1933 – October 19, 1986) was a Mozambican military commander, revolutionary socialist leader in the tradition of Marxism-Leninism, father and eventual President of Mozambique. Machel led the country from independence in 1975 until his death in 1986, when his presidential aircraft crashed in mountainous terrain where the borders of Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa converge.
- What is the name of this Traditional textile and the Tribe which it is symbolic to? Answer — Kente, Ashanti people of Ghana. Kente cloth (known as Nwentom in Ashanti language), is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips and is native to the Ashanti people ethnic group in modern day Ghana. Kente cloth is an Ashanti monarchy royal and sacred cloth worn only in times of extreme importance and was the cloth of Ashanti emperors-kings during the reign of the Ashanti Empire.
- “You have freedom of speech but freedom after speech I cannot guarantee that”. Which African Leader made this statement? Answer — Field Marshal Idi Amin Dada. Idi Amin Dada (/ˈiːdi ɑːˈmiːn/; c. 1923–28 – 16 August 2003) was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979. Amin joined the British colonial regiment the King’s African Rifles in 1946, served in Kenya and Uganda. Eventually, Amin held the rank of major general in the post-colonial Ugandan Army, and became its commander before seizing power in the military coup of January 1971, deposing Milton Obote.
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