#KnowAfricaQuiz; Week II – Day 1

The Quiz of the week are questions posted through the hashtag #KnowAfricaQuiz on the official @AfricaHeritages twitter page every Wednesdays and Fridays by 5:15pm.

Below are the questions and answers to today’s #KnowAfricaQuiz.

  1. Which river in Africa is also known as the highway of Central Africa?? Answer – The Congo River. The Congo River (also known as the Zaire River) is the second largest river in the world and the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). The Congo-Chambeshi river has an overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi), which makes it the ninth longest river in the world.  

    Congo River.jpg
    The Congo River
  2. A reggae artiste performed at a Country’s independence day celebrations In 1980. Whats the name of country and the artist? Answer — Bob Marley, Zimbabwe.  Zimbabwe Rhodesia gained official independence as Zimbabwe on 18 April 1980. The government held independence celebrations in Rufaro stadium in Salisbury, the capital.  Many foreign dignitaries attended the event, including Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India, President Shehu Shagari of Nigeria, President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, President Seretse Khama of Botswana, and Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser of Australia, representing the Commonwealth of Nations. Bob Marley sang ‘Zimbabwe’, a song he wrote, at the government’s invitation in a concert at the country’s independence festivities.  

    Bob Marley
    Bob Marley at Zimbabwe Independence in 1980
  3. Mende -A Name of place in Lagos Nigeria, also a name of Tribe predominantly in South East of which West African country? Answer – Sierra Leone. The Mende people are one of the two largest ethnic groups in Sierra Leone; their neighbours, the Temne people, have roughly the same population. Mende and Temne each account for slightly more than 30% of the total population.  The Mende are predominantly found in the Southern Province and the Eastern Province.
  4. Can you mention the name of this handsome African leader and the country which he led? Answer — Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama, Botswana. Sir Seretse Khama, KBE (1 July 1921 – 13 July 1980) was the first president of Botswana. Born into one of the more powerful of the royal families of what was then the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland, and educated abroad in neighbouring South Africa and in the United Kingdom, he returned home—with a popular but controversial bride—to lead his country’s independence movement. He founded the Botswana Democratic Party in 1962 and became Prime Minister in 1965. In 1966, Botswana gained independence and Khama became its first president.  

    Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama 1
    Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama President of Botswana
  5. This only true desert in southern Africa is the oldest desert in the world, Whats the name and the countries of location? Answer — The Namib Desert, Namibia, Angola & South Africa. The Namib is a coastal desert in southern Africa, stretches for more than 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) along the Atlantic coasts of Angola, Namibia, and South Africa, extending southward from the Carunjamba River in Angola, through Namibia and to the Olifants River in Western Cape, South Africa.  

    Namib Desert.jpg
    The Namib Desert
  6. Whats the name of the island in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Southeast Africa Previously known as Malagasy Republic? Answer — Madagascar. Officially the Republic of Madagascar, The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation.
  7. What is the name of the first & only African player and country to win the Ballon d’or/World player of the year? Answer — George Weah, Liberia. George Tawlon Manneh Oppong Ousman Weah (born 1 October 1966) is a Liberian humanitarian, politician, and retired footballer who played as a striker. Regarded as one of the greatest African players of all time, and as one of the best forwards of his generation, in 1995 he was named FIFA World Player of the Year and won the Ballon d’Or, becoming the first African player to win these awards.

    George Weah
    George Weah
  8. Can you mention the name of this beautiful #AfricaHeritages and which country is it located? Answer — Church of Bet Medhane Alem, Ethiopia. Bet Medhane Alem is the largest monolithic rock-hewn church in the world, measuring 11.5m [37′ 8″] in height and covering an area of almost 800m2 [8,610 square feet], the House of the Redeemer of the World, a 12th-century rock-cut church in Lalibela is where they kept The Lalibela Cross (or Afro Ayigeba); a large elaborately decorated processional cross, considered one of Ethiopia‘s most precious religious and historical heirlooms.

    Church of Bet Medhane Alem Ethiopia
    Church of Bet Medhane Alem in Lalibela Ethiopia
  9. There are Only FIVE African countries that have more than one capital, name the countries? Answer — South Africa (3), Tanzania, Swaziland, Benin and Cote D’Ivoire (all have 2 capitals). South Africa has three officially recognized capitals – Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein. Pretoria is the executive capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital while Bloemfontein is the judicial capital. Benin has Porto-Novo as the official capital but Cotonou is the seat of government. Côte d’Ivoire   has Yamoussoukro as official capital but Abidjan remains de facto seat of Government. Swaziland has Mbabane as the administrative capital and Lobamba as the legislative and royal capital. Tanzania has Dodoma as official and legislative capital while Dar es Salaam is de factor seat of government and judicial bodies.
  10. Can you name these African leaders in the order of which they appear (L-R As you know them) in this Picture? Answer — Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, Julius  Nyerere of Tanzania, Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya and Milton Obote of Uganda.

    African Leaders
    From Left: Kenneth Kaunda, Julius Nyerere, Jomo Kenyatta and Milton Obote.
  11. The ZAMBEZI river flows through these countries; Zambia, Angola, Namibia,____,___ and ___. Name the others. Answer — Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The Zambezi river rises in Zambia and flows through eastern Angola, along the eastern border of Namibia and the northern border of Botswana, then along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe to Mozambique, where it crosses the country to empty into the Indian Ocean.
  12. Whats the name of the landscape that host World’s largest wildlife migration of 1000s of Zebras and millions of wildebeest? Answer — The Serengeti.The Serengeti ecosystem is a geographical region in Africa, located in northern Tanzania and extends to southwest of Kenya between 1 and 3 degrees. It spans approximately 30,000 km2 (12,000 sq mi). The Kenyan part of the Serengeti is known as Maasai Mara. The Serengeti hosts the largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world, which helps secure it as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa and one of the ten natural travel wonders of the world.
    The Serengeti

    Serengeti 1
    Thousands of Zebras and Wildebeest crossing the Serengeti
  13. Which country is the 1st African Nation to Compete in Olympics and the 1st African Nation to win an Olympic gold medal? Answer —South Africa in 1904, also the first to win Olympic gold medal. South Africa first participated at the Olympic Games in 1904, and sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games until 1960. After the passage of United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1761 in 1962 in response to South Africa’s policy of apartheid, the nation was barred from the Games.
  14. Africa is home to the world’s largest living land animal, which can weigh up to 7 tons. What kind of animal is it? answer — the African elephant. African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. They are slightly larger than their Asian cousins and can be identified by their larger ears that look somewhat like the continent of Africa (Asian elephants have smaller, rounded ears.). African elephants can weigh up to 6-7 tons.
    African Elephant 1
    African elephant I

    African Elephant
    African elephant II
  15. Can you mention the name of this beautiful #AfricaHeritages and which country is it located? Answer — African Renaissance Monument. The African Renaissance Monument is a 49 meter tall bronze statue located on top of one of the twin hills known as Collines des Mamelles, outside Dakar, Senegal. Built overlooking the Atlantic Ocean in the Ouakam suburb, the statue was designed by the Senegalese architect Pierre Goudiaby after an idea presented by president Abdoulaye Wade. and It is the tallest statue in Africa.  

    African Ressainance Statue
    The African Renaissance Monument, Dakar Senegal
  16. There’s only one woman to have been opportune to be the first lady of two separate countries, what is her name? Answer — Graca Machel. Madam Graca Machel is a Mozambican politician and humanitarian. She is the widow of former South African president Nelson Mandela and of Mozambican president Samora Machel. She married then South African President Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, in Johannesburg on 18 July 1998, his 80th birthday (almost Eight month before he stepped aside as president of South Africa in 1999) making her the only woman to be the first lady of two separate republics. She is an international advocate for women’s and children’s rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work.  

    Graca Machel.jpg
    Graca Machel
  17. The Republic of South Africa is called the “Rainbow Nation”, why? and who is credited with coining that phrase? Answer — Because It has 11 official languages. Archbishop Desmond Tutu Did. Rainbow nation is a term coined by Archbishop Desmond Tutu to describe post-apartheid South Africa, after South Africa’s first fully democratic election in 1994. 
  18. There are more people speaking French in Africa than the people speaking French in France. True Or False? Answer — True. African French (French: français africain) is the generic name of the varieties of French spoken by an estimated 120 million (2010) people in Africa spread across 24 francophone countries while France has a total population of 66.7 million
  19. What is the name of the Soccer player credited with brokering a cease-fire in his home country that brought a 5-year civil war to an end? Answer —  Didier Drogba. Didier Yves Drogba Tébily is credited with playing a vital role in bringing peace to his country. After the Ivory Coast qualified for the 2006 World Cup, Drogba made a desperate plea to the combatants, asking them to lay down their arms, a plea which was answered with a cease fire after five years of civil war. Drogba later helped move an African Cup of Nations qualifier to the rebel stronghold of Bouake; a move that helped confirm the peace process.
  20. Served  from 1980 to 1987, What is the name of The first president of Zimbabwe? Answer — President Canaan Banana. Born Canaan Sodindo Banana (5 March 1936 – 10 November 2003) served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 18 April 1980 until 31 December 1987. He held the largely ceremonial office of the presidency while his eventual successor, Robert Mugabe, served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe.
    President Banana 1
    President Canaan Banana

    President Banana
    Robert Mugabe with Canaan Banana



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